In early 2021, President Biden outlined plans for a $2.25 trillion infrastructure bill that will shape the debate in the months ahead before the current highway bill, the FAST Act, expires on September 30, 2021.
Three transportation and logistics industry leaders shared their thoughts with Trimble’s Outbound magazine about how legislation and other near-term issues could change the course of the fuel tax, the driver workforce and safety technology.
The Future of Highway Funding
The next surface transportation infrastructure bill will most likely bring new mandates for the industry, but the larger question is what initiatives will the bill include that are not directly related to building roads and bridges? And how will everything be paid for?
“I suspect there will be a lot of green initiatives,” said American Trucking Associations Chair Sherri Brumbaugh, who also is President and CEO of Garner Trucking, a truckload dry-van carrier based in Findlay, Ohio. “There is going to be a lot of pressure on passenger car and truck OEMs to eliminate the internal combustible engine.”
If electric vehicles are the future of transportation, Brumbaugh said that changes need to be made to the fuel tax program to ensure all motorists are paying a fair share. The Biden administration has ruled out a vehicle miles traveled (VMT) tax—for now.
Studies show the fuel tax is the most efficient means of revenue collection and the American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) calculated the cost to administer a VMT at 300 times higher than the fuel tax.
The high cost of administering a VMT makes it a non-starter for Ed Crowell, president and CEO of the Georgia Motor Truck Association (GMTA). “So many people stand to make a lot of money if those kinds of things are implemented,” he said.
Crowell would like to see the federal fuel tax program remain for vehicles with internal combustion engines and a separate taxation system created for electric vehicles and other alternative power sources.
In Search of Better Ratings
The Transportation Intermediaries Association (TIA) is currently making a legislative push for a safety standard for motor carrier selection to be attached to the next highway bill, said Anne Reinke, TIA’s President and CEO.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration conducts audits of motor carriers to give them a safety rating (Satisfactory, Conditional, Unsatisfactory). With the current rating system, 85% of carriers are not rated, however, and that is “not fair” to freight brokers, she said.
A new safety standard would help prevent instances where freight brokers are roped into negligence selection lawsuits. “Typically, those who like to file lawsuits like confusion. We are trying to provide certainty,” Reinke said.
Easing the Driver Shortage
All three industry leaders agree that the driver shortage needs to be solved. The labor market is the “Achilles heel” of the industry, said Brumbaugh, who sees Garner Trucking and many other carriers “doing everything but backflips and cartwheels to attract drivers.”
Public appreciation for drivers has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, and Brumbaugh hopes the attitudinal change will be permanent. If so, more younger generations will see a trucking career for what it is—a chance to achieve the American Dream.
Starting driving careers at an earlier age is one possible solution. Most states already allow 18-year-olds to drive trucks on intrastate routes, but federal law prohibits them from crossing state lines until they reach 21.
The CDL age restriction for interstate commerce is an “artificial constraint” that “doesn’t serve safety or a real purpose,” said GMTA’s Ed Crowell.
The DRIVE Safe Act would have paved the way for 18-year-old drivers to cross state lines, but that legislation was put on the back burner by the Biden administration. Brumbaugh believes that younger drivers, if the law passed, would prove as safe as 21-year-old CDL holders with the use of advanced safety technology, proper training and mentoring.
Moving to a Driverless Future
Technology investments have accelerated during the COVID-19 pandemic, but is this leading the industry closer to a driverless future?
Brumbaugh, while serving as ATA Chair, was frequently asked by people within and outside the industry about the timeline for autonomous trucks. She believes the infrastructure bill could get some items added that would help pave the way, but driverless trucks “are a long time coming,” she said. “We are still going to need truck drivers.”
Safety technology is the bridge to driverless trucks, and the younger generation embraces it, and “I’m all for it,” said Brumbaugh, who notes that Garner Trucking’s new tractors all have crash mitigation, lane departure warning, and other ADAS technologies.
While the details remain to be worked out on the next infrastructure bill, it will bring a new round of changes to an industry that is already rapidly advancing.
“I hope cooler temps will prevail,” said Reinke about the next highway bill, remarking that funding transportation infrastructure should at least be a bipartisan effort. “It is so critical for the economic health of our country and the safety of our roads.”
Technology’s Role in the Future of the Transportation Industry
Whether it is adapting to new legislation or staying ahead of industry trends, technology can play a pivotal role in helping you navigate these changes and optimize all aspects of your business.
Each day, transportation organizations just like yours utilize Trimble technology to help them improve resource utilization and maximize freight coverage. Trimble is an Annual Sponsor of GMTA and an Affinity Program member. Learn more about Trimble, here.